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International Recovery Platform

Mt. Pinatubo Eruption, 1991

Country Philippines
Location Zambales, Tarlac, Pampanga (Luzon, Philippines)

Brief Overview of the Disaster 
As early as April 1991, Mt. Pinatubo in Central Luzon, Philippines, showed signs of imminent eruption.  On 12 June 1991 (Philippine Independence Day), its intermittent eruptions began. Three days after, on 15 June 1991, its most powerful eruption happened. Volcanic ash and frothy pebbles blanketed the countryside. Fine ash fell as far as the Indian Ocean and satellites tracked the ash clouds several times around the globe. Nearly 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide were injected into the stratosphere and dispersed around the world causing global temperature to drop temporarily  by 1*F from 1991 through 1993. Mount Pinatubo’s eruption was considered the largest volcanic eruption of the century to affect a densely populated area. The eruptions affected the provinces of Tarlac, Pampanga and Zambales. There were 155 barangays affected in 3 cities and 63 municipalities.

Displaced Not specified
Dead 640
Missing 23
Injured 195
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 211 million
Note Total Affected:  1,036,065
Main Source
GLIDE No. VO-1991-000003-PHL


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