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International Recovery Platform

Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004

Brief Overview of the Disaster by Countries   
On 26 Dec 2004, 00:58:53 UTC (7:58:53 am local time), a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The epi-centre was located under sea water at 3.32 N 95.85 E. This is the fourth largest earthquake in the world since 1900. The earthquake generated tsunamis which swept across the Indian Ocean within hours. Which affected 12 countries and took 186,983 lives. Hundreds of thousands of persons were displaced and over 3 million persons were affected, half of whom lost their sources of livelihood. The tsunami had the greatest impact on rural coastal communities, many of which were already poor and vulnerable and had few livelihood options. The hardest-hit and most severely affected countries were India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Malaysia, Myanmar, Seychelles, Somalia and the United Republic of Tanzania were also affected.  

Main Source$File/full_report.pdf

Displaced 650,000 
Dead 16,389 
Missing Not specified 
Injured 6913 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged 100,000 
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 2.1 billion 
Note Total affected: 654,512 people 

Displaced 532,898 homeless 
Dead 165,708 
Missing Not specified 
Injured Not specified 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified 
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 4451.6 million 
Note Total affected: 523,898 

Displaced 13000 homeless 
Dead 102 
Missing Not specified 
Injured 2214 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified 
Total Damage and Losses ( in USD) 470.1 million 
Note Total affected: 27,214 

Sri Lanka 
Displaced 480,000 
Dead 35,399 
Missing Not specified 
Injured 23176 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged 114,069 
Total Damage and Losses  (in USD) 1316.5 million 
Note Total affected:1,019,306 

Displaced Not specified 
Dead 8,345 
Missing Not specified 
Injured 8,457 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged 4,806 
Total Damage and Losses ( in USD) 405.2 million 
Note Total affected:67,007 

Displaced Not specified 
Dead 71 
Missing Not specified 
Injured Not specified 
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified 
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 500 million 
Note Total Affected: 12,500 

Displaced Not specified 
Dead 298 
Missing Not specified 
Injured 283
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified
Total Damage and Losses ( in USD) 100 million
Note Total affected: 105, 083

India TS-2004-000147-IND 
Indonesia TS-2004-000147-IDN
Maldives TS-2004-000147-MDV 
Sri Lanka TS-2004-000147-LKA 
Thailand TS-2004-000147-THA 
Myanmar TS-2004-000147-MMR
Somaliya TS-2004-000147-SOM


Select recovery documents and publications.