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International Recovery Platform

Mt.Tierra Dentro Earthquake, 1994

Country Colombia
Location Toez, Irlanda, Belalcazar

Brief Overview of the Disaster 
On June 6, 1994, an earthquake of a 6.4 magnitude on the Richter scale, whose epicenter was the municipality of Paez, shook the region of Tierradentro, located on the slopes of the Nevado del Huila volcano. It affected 15 municipalities of the Cauca and Huila Departments in different degrees, extending to almost 10,000Km2.The earthquake triggered thousands of landslides which blocked the rivers that run through deep valleys surrounded by vertical mountains.  These temporary dams, which had formed rapidly, broke causing, in a matter of hours, an overwhelming flow of mud and debris, with avalanches that descended to the riverbed of the Paez river, causing death and destruction. Displaced 24,797
Dead 271
Missing Not specified
Injured 158
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 2.4 million
Note Total affected: 37,416
Main Source
GLIDE No. EQ-1994-000003-COL