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International Recovery Platform

Bangladesh Floods, 1998

Country Bangladesh
Location Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Sherpur, Hobiganj, Rangpur, Sirajangj, Manikganj, Pabna, Rajbari, Rajshahi, Kurigram, Faridpur, Nilphamari, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat, Khagrachari, Chitagong, Feni, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Tangail, Natore districts

Brief Overview of the Disaster 
The 1998 floods in Bangladesh appeared to be qualitatively different from major floods in the previous 20 years, because of the length of the flood period, which was about 10 weeks. Whether the extended length of the flooding is a one-off phenomenon is impossible to predict. The floods affected different sectors in different ways. Although a large portion of the aman (winter) crop was destroyed, the agricultural sector evidenced increased yields due to a good boro (spring) crop; and the construction industry grew by eight percent in 1998/99. Manufacturing and private investment showed a significant downturn, including the dominant garment industry, although it is difficult to disentangle the effects of the floods from more general patterns of disinvestment, partly caused by political uncertainty in Bangladesh.

Displaced Not Specified
Dead 140
Missing Not Specified
Injured 50
Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not Specified
Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 2  million
Note Total affected:15,000,050 An estimated two-thirds of the country are under water
Main Source
GLIDE No. FL-1998-000203-BGD


Select recovery documents and publications.