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International Recovery Platform

Guide to Multi-Stakeholder Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and the Recovery Framework (RF)

The Guide to Multi-Stakeholder Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and the Recovery Framework (RF) consists of three volumes.

The first volume covers three sections: (i) an overview of all the elements of the Guide as a quick reference for readers; (ii) a presentation of the fundamentals of disaster recovery planning; and, (iii) a guide to constructing the Recovery Framework (RF) as a blueprint for managing the recovery process.

The second volume covers two sections: (i) a guide to the preparation and conduct of a PDNA; and, (ii) a toolkit to support the conduct of a PDNA and the development of the Recovery Framework in response to a disaster.

The third volume consists of sector specific methodology developed by UN sector leads and humanitarian clusters, designed to determine human recovery needs.

Methodology for estimating damages and losses – one of the two main perspectives of a PDNA - is contained in the UN ECLAC Handbook for Estimating the Socio-Economic and Environmental Effects of Disasters and intended to be used together with this handbook in the conduct of a PDNA.

The Guide is designed to be used both in parts and as a whole. Experienced recovery planners and assessors may wish to bypass the Fundamentals section and go directly to the RF and PDNA sections of volumes I and II respectively. Those wishing an overview of recovery planning, solely, may choose only that section; those looking for sector specific guidance for the conduct of a PDNA will prefer volume III and the ECLAC DaLA Handbook.

This approach sees the Recovery Framework as the expression of the decisions resulting from the recovery planning process. In the aftermath of the disaster, RF development is an evolving process. The Guide describes the RF in several different stages of development, e.g., as a sketch plan, initially, and, then, more fully informed through early and longer-term recovery assessments, and, then after formal donor consultations, all within the context of the political and economic realities. The PDNA is essential to the development of the RF as it used to shape the sketch into a comprehensive statement of the path back to normal conditions and ongoing development.

The Guide is intended as an easy-to-use reference at an early stage of recovery planning. Its users include government recovery managers, local leaders, international agency officials, in-country agency officials, and recovery managers and advisors deployed post-disaster from supporting organizations. Its contents are being thoroughly field-tested with the collaboration of high-risk and disaster-affected countries. The Guide will also be used in planning recovery processes in post-disaster situations as well as developing training programmes for recovery stakeholders. The Guide’s development is influenced by its application. The Guide makes no assumptions about the technical or conceptual knowledge of knowledge of readers regarding assessment and planning methodologies.

Assessment approaches referred to in the Guide are not intended to replace more fully elaborated assessment methodologies developed and used by agencies. The Guide endorses more in-depth assessment, beyond the scope of a PDNA that are required by partners to develop their individual response plans and programmatic interventions. Furthermore, the Guide is meant to support the conduct of recovery planning including assessments and is not, by itself, a step-by-step prescriptive document. Rather, it provides an introduction, orientation, and guidance to recovery planning.